Posts Tagged ‘sputum’

Tuberculosis, Meet FrontlineSMS

On Christmas morning, Silia stopped by the guest house to talk about the SMS program. He’s responsible for testing, drug provision, and follow-ups for TB patients. He described how he’s using FrontlineSMS and the network of cellphone-wielding CHWs. Almost all of what follows developed in my absence.


Some sputum-positive patients don’t turn up to receive their medication. It’s Silia’s job to track these patients and get them back on their drug regimens. Before the SMS program, he was visiting an average of 17 patients per week – this took him three trips on his motorbike. Each trip would take ~9 hours. That’s 27 hours per week spent tracking patients in various villages.

The SMS network has allowed Silia to share his workload with the CHWs. He now tracks an average of 20 patients per week via SMS. He simply texts CHWs nearby patients that haven’t turned up. As Silia says, the CHWs provide “immediate feedback.”

The program has been running for roughly 26 weeks. With the shift to SMS-based patient tracking, Silia had an additional 700 hours to utilize. Not surprisingly, he’s been using FrontlineSMS to supplement other areas of his work.

He now visits an average of 4 patients per week, for different reasons. Some messages from the CHWs tell of patients who are too ill to travel to the hospital. Silia will respond by bringing a new supply of drugs. Other messages relay symptoms of community members – e.g. “A man has a chronic cough, and we suspect TB.” Silia will visit the patients, and collect a sputum sample. He’ll return to the hospital to do testing and send the results, by SMS, back to the CHW.

Finally, when patients at the hospital test positive for TB, they’re told which CHWs near their home have cell phones.

Some numbers from the TB program for the last 6 months:

700 hours of follow-up time saved
450 follow-ups via SMS
(At least) $2000 in motorbike fuel saved
100 new patients enrolled in TB treatment program

Coming up: Impact on Home-Based Care, PMTCT, Public Health, and HIV/AIDS programs

Posted: December 25th, 2008
Categories: Technology, Tuberculosis Management
Tags: , , , , , ,
Comments: 4 Comments.